Ο Νικόλαος Χειμώνας γεννήθηκε στη Κριμαία το 1866. Σπούδασε ζωγραφική στην Ακαδημία Καλών Τεχνών της Πετρούπολης. Περιηγήθηκε στην Ευρώπη και παρέμεινε στη Γερμανία, Αυστρία και Γαλλία. Δίδαξε στην Ακαδημία Καλών Τεχνών της Πετρούπολης από το 1894 ως το 1918. Το 1920 ήρθε στην Ελλάδα όπου έζησε μέχρι και το θάνατό του. Πέθανε στη Σκύρο το 1929.
Nikolaos Cheimonas studied painting at The Imperial Academy of Arts, St. Petersburg, under Arkhip Kuindzhi, a pupil of Ivan Aivazovsky.
After graduating in 1897 he travelled with a group of Kuindzhi’s students to Berlin, Dresden, Vienna and Paris. On their travels they visited many European museums and studied historical western art.
Cheimonas taught at The Imperial Academy of Arts, St Petersburg until 1918.
In 1919, during The Russian Civil War, his wife Olga was arrested by the new government for transferring messages written by political prisoners. His attempts to free her failed and only further endangered him, so he sought refuge with relatives in Crimea and eventually emigrated to Greece in 1920. A few years later Olga was freed and was able to join him in Greece.
In 1929, they moved to the island of Skyros where he died of malaria after being incorrectly diagnosed and treated. Later that year Olga presented a major retrospective of his work in Athens and the following year in London.
His work exudes his deep knowledge of European Art, not just Russian but nineteenth century French realism and impressionism. He depicted Greek nature, its atmospheric variations and light graduations in a sound, masterly manner.
His work is found in many public and private collections, notably: The National Gallery, Athens, The Athens Municipal Gallery, The Leventis Gallery, Nicosia, The Averoff Gallery, The National Bank of Greece, The National Gallery of St Petersburg and The National Gallery of Moscow.